Showing posts with label Puritans-The Church of England-. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Puritans-The Church of England-. Show all posts

Sunday, November 9, 2014

Puritans- The Church of England-

The Church of England-
Family of Puritans 
I though I would do a few post this November On the history of the Puritans. In other post I am going to talk about the  Actually True story of quote' THANKSGIVING'. YOU might be surprised what i  found in my other post that will be coming too.. However, for this post I am going to get into the history of The Puritans.  First I thought I would explain the world Puritan or the Puritans. Not to many folks are that familiar with the the people so that a good place to start. The word 'Puritan was applied to a great many Protestant churches from the late 16th century and onward... However, the Puritans did not use the term themselves, only other folks would call them that. It seems that the Puritans were not satisfied with the Reformation of the Church of England, but the few that did remained within the Church of England, did advocate further reforms that were known as 'Non-separating Puritans'...
This group called the 'Non-separating Puritan's said to disagree among themselves about how much further the reformation of any of the Church of England did/or was if it was truly necessary at times. I found that the term 'Separatists' were folks during the 16th century who thought that the Church of England was corrupt to a point that all Christians should be separated from the 'Puritans' which at the time were called Separatists. In the 16th century the Separatists were a very strong group of Puritans that advocated the complete separation from the Church of England, Yet they had no particular Church title of their own. You see we are still in England haven't move yet to the new world...Note: Many of the Mayflower Pilgrims were referred to only as 'Separatists'. Kinda makes you wonder how many of the first to come on the Mayflower ships were either pilgrims or puritans Eh! Well we will see... Its seems when one
 looks on the current consensus among the historians, of the main leaders of both the non-separating Puritans and leaders of the Separatists, there was no way of truly properly
An Young Puritan woman
counting either sided being non-separating puritans or just pure Puritans.  
Then In the year 1660 the separating of the Puritans from all others with the 1662 Uniformity Act which basically caused all Puritan clergy to leave all church's of England. They were then called "Dissenters' This movement that happened in 1662 changed the church rules radically at that time. and though it wasn't felt at the time but, it would be huge changes for the folks that were Puritans of New England.
The historical importance of Puritanism spans over a a decade in New England. It seems that there was even an Elizabethan Puritanism within the Elizabethan religious settlements too. However these failed to receive any of the royal approval. In this next part of my discussion I am going to cover Puritanism. Its seems that in 1603 a Puritan Manifesto was reform/ or  petition for their own English Church. It was called the Hampton Court Conference of 1604 in which four very prominent Puritan leaders were hard their teachings with other important religious leaders. The problem was the Puritans still opposed many of the Catholic summations that were required in the church rules of England, such as: the notably the Book of Common prayer, but also the use of non-secular vestments (cap and gown) during the church services, the sight of the Cross in baptism and kneeling to receive the Holy Communion, Although the Puritan movement was subjected to repression by some of the bishops both Elizabeth, James and other Bishops were more tolerant and in many places individuals ministers were able to omit disliked portions of the Book of Common Pray. During this period of the Puritans which was called the 'Semi-separatism or  Non-Separating Puritans and the Separations are one who had left the Church of England altogether were numbered in very few. Now were going into the History of the Puritans of 1649. It seems that the Puritan
movement in England was driven out over decades by emigration and inconsistent interpretations of Scripture and some political differences that surfaced at the time.  The more thru during the 1600's. Well at the time of the English
The Puritans 
I go into this post, the more I discover that its truly more about the struggles of the puritans than the Pilgrims and I am at a lost at what was the difference but I am understanding the hardships that the Puritans went
Restoration in 1660 the Savoy Conference as it was called then, this is when it was determine if there would be a new religious settlement for England and Wales for the Puritans.What I found in this new religious settlement that was for both England and Wales in 1660, were only minor changes within the 'Church of England' and it was all restored to its Pre-Civil-War constitution Laws under the Act of Uniformity in 1662. So all the Puritans found themselves sidelined once again. This was about an estimated 2500 Puritan clergy that left the Church of England' because of the 'Great Ejection of 1662'. of the Puritan people. its seems the more that I read and discover the more that the people of the faith of Puritans are being pulled back further and further away from any form of true Church of the own. At this point I found that the Puritans had divided themselves from all Christians of the Church of England/ And the
The Puritans in their own way
 of services of God
Puritans established their own separatist congregations of their form of church in the 1660 and 1670's. In my continue research and reading of the Puritans it seems that things continued to get more and more sticky if you will! There was a period it seems that even the Presbyterians could not come back to the  'Church of England', but this was a result of the puritans it was just because of all the here say going around on, who could do what in the Grand 'Chuch of England'quote on quote... It get worse for the Puritans, for it seems the Wigs as they were called in the day [British political officials],opposed the court religious policies and then argued that the Puritans should be allowed to worship only separately from the established 'Church of England'. The Whigs position on this ultimately prevailed when the Toleration Act of 1689 was passed in the wake of the Glorious Revolution in 1689. So what this all means to the Puritans that any Licenced Puritans Ministers and their
Book of Prayers
Church/Chapel under the term 'Nonconformist' could have their own Chapels and the terms 'Dissenter' which meant Puritans was finally lifted and replaced finally in the middle of the 18th century to Puritans after all those years. Now I will go into the personal beliefs of the Puritans- It seems to me that the Puritans so far have had a long fight for the personal freedom to believe and openly love their own Puritan beliefs. During the course of a hundred century's the puritans sought both individuality and corporate conformity to the teaching of the Bible, with the moral purity pursued both down to the smallest detail, as well as ecclesiastical purity to the highest level. They too believed that man existed for the glory of God and that his first concern in life was to do God's will and so to receive future happiness. As soon as there was the quote' the New Puritans, their 'New Policies of the Church Governance diverged from those remaining in the British Isles who were facing different issues at the times.
During the middle and late 1600's the Puritans and pilgrims/Christians both believed in demonic forces. However, the Puritan pastors undertook exorcisms for many demonic possession that they felt were in their church communities, in a few high-profile cases and
An Young Puritan Woman
they also believed in some allegations of witchcraft. I believe this is the dark days of of the women, children and some men of faultily accusing folks of witchcraft. And then there became the Dark Days of the hunt of innocent Women,men and children burned to a stalk. The famous   exorcism was of Thomas Darling and there were other possession cases that the Puritans pastors felt that had both possession and witchcraft in other local Puritans ministers in 1689 which I believe brought on the Salem witch trails of 1692-1693 Note in my opinion it could have gone on longer than those years stated. What I found to be very interesting besides the fact that some say that the Salem witch trials may have taken place in Massachusetts area, is the fact that unknown to most, as their religious beliefs limit in their lives the Puritans turn to witchcraft around this time of the Salem witch trails, curious Eh! Now I don't know when? how long? and all the details which were not available but it was interesting reading...
The Puritans as the move into the 17th and 18th century's they have been place into more of an European reform kinda belief about interpretation of the Bible's prophecy...
It seems that the Puritans had very strong religious beliefs that were directed onto their culture and lifestyles. Education was essential to the Puritans so that they all could read the Pray books and bible themselves. They also use musical instrument in their religious services . However, the music only type of music that could be used in the church service was anything with the book of psalms. Most organs were commonly damaged or destroyed in the Civil war of 1664, so other means of instruments were used. Family of the Puritans - well they are like every other family in the early 1660's ... The Puritans place family at the center of their societies as an organization to facilitate their devotion to God. Apparently the puritans base their family lifestyle on the biblical portray of Adam and Eve, they believe that marriage represents one of the most fundamental human relationships rooted in procreation, love and most importantly salvation. According to the Puritans the husbands are the spiritual heads of
An Traditional Puritan home
the household [Not surprising!] while the women were to demonstrate religious piety and obedience under the Male's authority [Yikes!!!] Furthermore, the marriage is to represent not only the relationship between husband and wife, but the relationship between the spouses and God.. OK let me see if I can explain this.. The Puritans husbands/male in the family also will commanded authority throughout the family and direct the pray too. The wife/female in the relationship to her husband and to God was marked by submissiveness and humility.
 [AGAIN YIKES YIKES!!!!].OK Its just not my cup of tea... Here is a quote that I found that the family of a tradition Puritan family would be happy with Quote' " together for a time as copartners in grace here, that they may reigne together forever as coheires in glory hereafter.''
Anyway, There's More Much,Much, More.... The paradox by the female inferiority in the public sphere and the spiritual equality of men and women in marriage, then gave way to the informal authority of woman concerning matters of the home and childrearing. With the consent of their husbands, the Puritan wives can make important decisions concerning the labour of their children, property and the management of inns and taverns owned by their husbands. Humm... For the Puritans, it seems to me that motherhood represents the most significant aspect of the females identity.  The Puritan mothers laboured for their children's rights, salvation, connecting with women matters of religion and morality too. It seems that to
This is the Puritans First Thanksgiving in the New World
the Puritans all children that are born into this world are stain of sin. And the only way a child can redeemed his/her sin is through religious education, obedience and the Church. It seems the Girls carry an additional burden of sin - of Eves corruption and they have to be separated from the adolescence boys. Basically they are prepared just like their parents once were.. and the history of the Puritans goes on...
Well now we get to the part when the Puritans leave for the new world at a large-scale some have said. the Puritan settlements emigration started the move across the Atlantic by 1641 with about 21,000 settlers. Most could speak the popular English language. However, not all consist or the original colonists since many returned to England shorty after arriving the New world. In the short of it more than 16million of the puritans descendants ended up making their new life on the new world continent, which was called ' the Great Migration'. It seems the rapid growth of the New Colonies grew to about 700,000 by the late 1790 and was almost entirely
These were the kinda home they would
live in....
due to the high birth rate and lower death rate per year. Now we come to the Plymouth Colony of the Puritans of the New World - and the disapproved of Christmas celebrations as did some other Protestant churches of the time did too. This was even outlawed in Boston from 1659 no Christmas! The ban of now Christmas celebrations wasn't revoked until the year 1681 by a gentleman by the name Sir Edmund Andros - He also revoked a Puritan ban on festivities on Saturday nights too. Nevertheless, it was not until the mid 1900's that the celebration of Christmas became a fashionable thing in the Boston area. When it happened in Boston it happen to all the other colonies too. Many of the other Secular Entertainment kinds of thing that might have been on moral ground , such as games of chance, maypoles and drama -plays were also now open...However, the alcohol was not an open thing.. this was still banned and if you follow your history it took a long time for it to become lifted..
As far as the Puritans go they are most known for making their home in Massachusetts Bay. They were also the most active of the New England  Persecutors of the Quakers, and the persecuting spirit that was shared by the Plymouth Colony and the colonies along the Connecticut river. The Puritans/Quakers had their taunted past that wont' go away, but as they enter the 20th Century It is truly hard for me to find what the Puritans feel today.. Or as some saw what is Puritanism? Since I am not the only thing that I could find to end this post on a good note I did find this is more like a poem of sorts.
'Most Americans know the terms Puritans and Pilgrims. Most don’t know that these are two different groups.
Puritans were English Protestants in the late 16th century who wanted their church, the Anglican church, to follow the Calvinist model more closely and give up the remnants of Catholicism still present in Anglicanism.
During the reign of Elizabeth I, the Puritans consistently pushed their agenda in Parliament and in their local towns. Puritans would often remove themselves from their assigned parish church to go hear sermons from a Puritan minister in another town’s church. This was illegal at the time. In an effort to stop the wild pendulum swings in her kingdom from extreme protestantism to Catholic resurgence and back again, Elizabeth refused to legitimize the Puritan agenda. She did not prosecute them severely, but she did not rescind the laws making their activities illegal.
Their sense of being persecuted for their faith gave the Puritans a lot of energy. They developed a complete system for defining and realizing salvation that I can’t go into in a short post here. But they also split.
Puritans began as a group within the Anglican church that wanted to purify it of lingering Catholic influences. But some Puritans lost faith in the Anglican church. Deciding it could never be purified, they abandoned it, separating themselves from it. These became known as Separatists. The majority of Puritans, who remained within the Anglican church, were known as nonseparating Puritans. The two groups grew increasingly hostile as the 17th century wore on.
It was the Separatists who took the Mayflower for America. Forced to leave England because it was treason to leave the Anglican church, small groups of Separatists left for Holland and other Protestant European countries. The group that we know as the Pilgrims went to Leiden in Holland. Americans often learn that they decided not to stay there because their children were becoming Dutch, but this is not true. They left because Holland’s truce with Catholic Spain was near its end, and the Protestant Separatists would have been wiped out if Spain had taken control once again of Holland.
So the Separatists received permission from the English government to go to America. Why? They were funded by financiers in London, and the crown figured that if the colonists made a go of it, the crown would seize the colony and enjoy the profits. The religion of the colonists was secondary to the financial potential they represented.
Not all the people on board the Mayflower were Separatists. Stories of the horrors suffered by colonists at Jamestown, in Virginia, were well-circulated in England. The feeling in England was that the Jamestown colonists had gone to America grossly unprepared. The Separatists vowed not to repeat those colonists’ mistakes. They recruited tradespeople from London whose talents would be essential to building a new society—carpenters, blacksmiths, etc.
Those recruits were not Puritans or Separatists. They were Anglicans. But mostly, they were people who didn’t really think about religion too much, who just wanted a chance to go to America. The Separatists, then, were in the minority as the Mayflower set sail. Fights between the two groups broke out almost immediately. The Separatists got on the others’ nerves with their religion, which permeated all aspects of their lives, and the Anglicans got on the Separatists’ nerves with their deliberate sacrilege and mockery of religion. When they landed in America, the Separatists had a hard time keeping control of the colony from the majority.
Now, the nonseparating Puritans in England came under real persecution starting in 1630, with the election of Archbishop Laud, who dedicated himself to wiping Puritanism out and bringing the Anglican church as far back toward Catholicism as he could. Tens of thousands of Puritans would emigrate to Massachusetts in the 1630s.  But they didn’t go to Plymouth. They weren’t about to miss their chance to found an untrammeled, unchallenged, all-powerful Puritan state by moving in with a bunch of crazy Separatists and, worse yet, blasphemous, Catholic-tinged Anglicans.
The Puritans instead founded Boston, north of Plymouth. And as the Puritan colony centered there—the Massachusetts Bay Colony—grew, it quickly outstripped Plymouth. Bay colonists ruthlessly confiscated land, including lands owned by Plymouth. By the 1640s, Plymouth was reduced to a backwater, and its Separatist quality was fairly diluted, even as the Puritanism of the Bay Colony grew and strengthened'. 
Well I hope that you all will find the post Interesting! It was interesting
to put together.. I learn alot from doing to post. Anyway I hope you
like love you all very much 
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